FACTS ABOUT THE NYC HORSE DRAWN CARRIAGE INDUSTRY
are (5) major stables that are involved in the horse carriage industry. They
are all on the far west side of Manhattan from 37th St. to 52nd
St around 11th and 12th Avenue.
Stable - 547 West 37 Street
Westside Livery - 538 West 38 Street
Shamrock Stable - 522 West 45 Street
Chateau Farms - 608 West 48 Street
Clinton Park - 618 West 52 Street
- To get
to work, horse carriages generally travel up 10th Avenue to the
Central Park area, which begins at 59th St., and return to the
stables by 9th Avenue. There are two hospitals in this area – St.
Vincent’s Midtown and Roosevelt Hospital. The entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel
is at 37-38th St.; there are several entrances to the West Side
Highway in this area.
are no restrictions as to when horse carriages can travel to and from the
park. Unlike Local Law 89, which expired in 1993, carriages may travel during
are 68 carriage horse medallions or licenses -- one per cab.
are over 200 horses – according to an October 2005 list from the Department
are approximately 350 carriage drivers in the industry – according to the NY
Post – January 2006
- In 1982
there were 141 carriage drivers. In 1993, there were 296 … Peggy Parker
testimony before City Council committee – 11/29/93
- Most of
the stables house horses on different levels, accessed by steep ramps.
- Most of
the stables do not have adequate fire protection and are not required to have
- Most of
the stables have stalls too small for a horse to turn around comfortably or to
average working life for a NYC carriage horse is 4 years – compared to 14-15
years for a NYC police horse – according to research by the Carriage Horse
According to current legislation - Horses may not be worked when the
temperature is 90 degrees or more, nor when it is 18 or below. There is no
consideration for humidity index or wind chill factor.
- The law
requires the ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Officers to order the drivers to
return to their stables when the above temperatures are reached. The drivers
do not have to return on their own volition since it is the ASPCA officers who
have access to the thermometer.
“Manhattan asphalt [street] temperatures reach - well over 200 degrees – hot
enough to melt asphalt.” NYTimes 7/29/89 – quote by then Commissioner of
Department of Transportation.
- When the
sum of ambient temperature (Fahrenheit) and relative humidity exceeds 150
(especially if humidity contributes more than half the sum) the evaporative
cooling mechanism by sweating is severely compromised. (published in Equine
Exercise Physiology - 9/22/82
According to current legislation - Each horse can work up to nine hours in
any 24 hour period. A horse can be worked every day according to the law.
are kept standing for extended periods of time on hot asphalt without shade.
There is no shade on Central Park South on the hack line. Boredom is just one
of the feelings these horses experience.