COALITION TO
BAN HORSE-DRAWN CARRIAGES



CARRIAGE HORSES
Existing Legislation

NYC ADMINISTRATIVE CODE

TITLE 20 - CONSUMER AFFAIRS
CHAPTER 2 – LICENSES
SUBCHAPTER 21 - SIGHT-SEEING BUSES, HORSE-DRAWN CABS AND DRIVERS

 (20-371-20-383)

  20–371  Licensing of sight-seeing buses, horse drawn cabs and horse drawn cab drivers. Legislative findings. The legislative findings heretofore made in relation to the business of sight-seeing buses and horse drawn cabs in the city of New York and set forth in local law number ten of nineteen hundred sixty-four continue to be valid; such businesses are vested with a public interest and their regulation and control continue to be necessary and essential in order to cope with certain evils and hazards which existed in the absence of governmental supervision. The supervision formerly was reposed in the police commissioner, but recent experience and study indicate that jurisdiction over such businesses should be transferred to the commissioner. It is further found that the present number of horse drawn cabs licensed in the city of New York is adequate to meet the public need and demand and should be preserved, unless the commissioner finds that additional licenses are necessary and advisable.

   20–372  Definitions. Whenever used in this subchapter, the following terms shall mean:
    1.  "Owner" shall include any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association owning and operating a sight-seeing bus or buses, or horse drawn cab or cabs, and shall include a purchaser under a reserve title contract, conditional sales agreement or vendor's agreement and the lessee of such vehicle or vehicles under a written lease or similar contract provided such purchaser or lessee of sight-seeing bus or buses shall be entitled to obtain in his or her name a license or licenses therefor from the commissioner of motor vehicles of the state of New York.
    2.  "Sight-seeing bus license" shall designate the license issued by the commissioner for each sight-seeing bus.
    3.  "Inspection card" shall designate the card issued by the commissioner for the sight-seeing bus licensed or horse drawn cab licensed, which card shall display the license number and capacity of such vehicle.
    4.  "Sight-seeing bus" shall mean a motor vehicle designed to comfortably seat and carry eight or more passengers operating for hire from a fixed point in the city of New York to a place or places of interest or amusements, and shall also include a vehicle, designed as aforesaid which by oral or written contract is let and hired or otherwise engaged for its exclusive use for a specific or special trip or excursion from a starting point within the city of New York.
    5.  "Horse drawn cab" shall mean a horse drawn vehicle operating for hire, so designed and constructed to comfortably seat not more than four adults, or two adults and four children, each of whom is under twelve years of age, or three adults and two children, each of whom is under twelve years of age, in the interior thereof.
    6.  "Horse drawn cab driver" shall include any person licensed to drive a horse drawn cab in the city of New York.
    7.  "Horse drawn cab license" shall designate the license issued by the commissioner for each horse drawn cab.
    8.  "Horse drawn cab driver's license" shall designate the license issued by the commissioner for a driver of a horse drawn cab.
    9.  "Certificate of conformity" shall mean that document issued by the Administrator of the United States environmental protection agency pursuant to section 206(a) of the Clean Air Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 7525(a), reflecting such Administrator's determination that an engine conforms to emissions standards and other regulations issued under section 202 of the Clean Air Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 7521, as well as the terms and the time periods prescribed thereon, and as such laws and such regulations may be amended from time to time.
    10.  "Fleet" shall mean a group of vehicles owned or operated by the same person.

  20–373  License required; fee; term. a. It shall be unlawful to operate or permit another to operate for hire a sight-seeing bus or horse-drawn cab within the city unless the owner shall have first obtained a license therefor from the commissioner. An applicant for a horse-drawn cab license shall be at least eighteen years of age.
    b.  Fees. The original and renewal license fee for each sight-seeing bus shall be fifty dollars and for each horse-drawn cab shall be fifty dollars.
    c.  The commissioner shall not renew any horse-drawn cab license in the event that he or she shall determine that the horse-drawn cab has not been operated for at least four months during the preceding license year, provided that such failure to operate shall not have been caused by strike, riot, war or other public catastrophe. However, in the event that it is shown to the commissioner by competent proof that the licensee has been disabled through illness or has been unable to operate the horse-drawn cab because of other cause beyond his or her control, the commissioner may renew such license.
    d.  The commissioner may refuse to renew any horse drawn cab license in the event that he or she determines that the holder of the horse drawn cab license has demonstrated a disregard for the provisions of this subchapter as illustrated by repeated violations of such provisions.

  20–374  Granting and transferring of licenses. a. Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association, owning or operating a sight-seeing bus, or buses, or horse-drawn cab, or cabs engaging in the business of transporting passengers in, about, over and upon any of the streets, avenues, bridges, highways, boulevards or public places within the limits of the city of New York, shall be issued a license for each bus or cab so operating, provided, however any such person, firm, partnership, corporation or association owning or operating a sight-seeing bus or buses, shall first have obtained a license or licenses, as he or she shall be entitled to receive from the commissioner of motor vehicles of the state of New York as made and provided by law.
    b.  It shall be unlawful for a license, after being issued by the commissioner, to be transferred to any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association for any cause whatsoever, except that licenses for horse-drawn cabs may be transferred with the approval of the commissioner. Upon voluntary sale or transfer of a licensed horse-drawn cab by the holder of a license or his or her legal representative, the licensee shall immediately notify the commissioner of his or her intention to replace such horse-drawn cab, or shall surrender his or her license. If the license is surrendered, the vendee or transferee may make application to the commissioner for the licensing of the horsedrawn cab so purchased. A new license shall then be issued by the commissioner in place of the license so surrendered, provided the applicant has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the commissioner that he or she is qualified to assume the duties and obligations of a horse-drawn cab license.
    c.  The commissioner shall issue additional licenses only after conducting a public hearing to determine whether the public convenience, welfare and necessity require the operation of additional horse-drawn cabs. The public hearing shall be called upon his or her own motion or upon written request by any applicant. Notice of such public hearing shall be published in the City Record once a week for two consecutive weeks and shall be mailed to all current licensees. If the commissioner shall determine that additional horse-drawn cabs are necessary and advisable, he or she shall certify the number of new licenses to be granted. Not more than one such public hearing shall be held during any calendar year and the commissioner may refuse to consider any request if it appears that a recent public hearing has adequately considered the question. In making his or her determination, the commissioner shall consider among other things, the income of the driver, the income of the owner, the effect upon traffic, and the public demand. The new licenses which are granted shall be allocated to the then existent licensees in the ratio of the number of licenses held by the licensee to the total number of licenses issued and in effect. If a licensee does not accept his or her allotted number within sixty days, his or her additional licenses shall be allocated in the same manner among the remaining licensees. If the number of additional licenses authorized is insufficient to permit such allocation, then the distribution among those licensees entitled to the smallest number of additional licenses shall be made so that priority shall be given to those who have been uninterruptedly licensed for the longest period. New applicants for such additional licenses shall be considered only when the present licensees refuse to accept their allocation of licenses in the manner provided above. The distribution of such additional licenses to new applicants shall be in the order of their filing, provided however that each new applicant shall not be entitled to more than one such additional license until each new applicant who has filed at the time of distribution and who is otherwise eligible has received one license.

   20–375  License plate. Upon the payment of the license fee the commissioner shall issue a license to the owner of the sightseeing bus or horse drawn cab together with a license plate to be securely affixed to a conspicuous and indispensable part of such sightseeing bus or securely and conspicuously affixed to the rear axle of such horse drawn cab, on which shall be clearly set forth the license number of such sightseeing bus or horse drawn cab. The license plate issued to the licensee may, in the discretion of the commissioner, be a plate of a permanent nature with a replaceable date tag attached thereto, indicating the expiration date of the plate during each license year and the issuance of such a plate with such date tag to a person possessing such a plate, shall be deemed issuance of a license plate. Such license plate and the replaceable date tag to be issued from year to year to be attached thereto, shall be of such material, form, design and dimension and set forth such distinguishing number or other identification marks as the commissioner shall prescribe. The commissioner upon renewal of the license hereunder, may continue the use of the license plate for as many additional license years as he or she in his or her discretion may determine, in which event he or she shall issue and deliver to the licensee a replaceable date tag as evidence of renewal of the license, which shall be attached or affixed in such manner as he or she may prescribe by rule. The failure to affix or display such date tag in a manner prescribed by the commissioner shall constitute a violation of this section. In the event of the loss, mutilation or destruction of any license plate or date tag issued hereunder, the owner may file such statement and proof of facts as the commissioner shall require, with a fee of twenty-five dollars, at the department, and the department shall issue a duplicate or substitute license plate or date tag. 

   20–376  Inspection of sight-seeing buses. a. A vehicle shall be licensed as a sight-seeing bus only after it shall have been examined and inspected to determine that it complies with this section, and that it also (1) complies with all the requirements of the vehicle and traffic law of the state of New York, and (2) is certified by the department of transportation of the state, as being safe and properly equipped to operate.
    b.  (1)  On and after the effective date of the local law which added this amendment, the commissioner shall not issue a sight-seeing bus license to any vehicle that when originally manufactured was not equipped with an engine covered by a certificate of conformity unless an engine covered by a certificate of conformity for the model year applicable to the date on which a sight-seeing bus license application for such bus is submitted to the commissioner, has been installed in such vehicle.
    (2)  The commissioner shall not renew the license of any sight-seeing bus that was licensed as of the date of the introduction of the local law which added this amendment and that when originally manufactured, was not equipped with an engine covered by a certificate of conformity unless an engine covered by a certificate of conformity for a model year no earlier than the model year applicable to the date on which the local law which added this amendment was introduced, has been installed in such bus.
    (3)  The commissioner shall not renew the license of any sight-seeing bus that was first issued a sight-seeing bus license on or after the date of introduction of the local law that added this amendment and before the effective date of such law and that, when originally manufactured, was not equipped with an engine covered by a certificate of conformity, unless an engine covered by a certificate of conformity for a model year no earlier than the model year applicable to the date on which the first sight-seeing bus license renewal application for such bus is submitted to the commissioner, has been installed in such bus.
    c.  The commissioner shall refuse a license to any sight-seeing bus not in "compliance with the requirements of this section, any rules promulgated thereunder or with any other laws or rules governing sight-seeing buses, or which is otherwise found to be unfit for operation. Grounds for refusal to issue a license shall include, but not be limited to, installation of an engine which does not meet the requirements of subdivision b of this section, failure to submit a bus or records pertaining to the operation and maintenance of such bus for inspection, installation of an engine not covered by a certificate of conformity in a vehicle which was originally manufactured with such an engine, installation of an engine of any model year preceding the year of manufacture in a vehicle which was originally manufactured with an engine covered by a certificate of conformity and being found to have violated the requirements for diesel fuel-powered sight-seeing buses contained in section 24–163.6 of the administrative code.
    d.  The commissioner may adopt rules (1) requiring the inspection by the department of sight-seeing buses and/or records pertaining to the operation and maintenance of such buses to determine compliance with the requirements of subdivision b of this section and section 24-163.6 of the administrative code; (2) delegating the performance of such inspections to the department of environmental protection; and (3) authorizing the acceptance of the results of inspections consistent with paragraph one of this subdivision conducted by a state or federal agency authorized to conduct such inspections on such buses.

   20–376.1  Sound reproduction on open-air sight-seeing buses. a. Definitions. For purposes of this section the following terms shall have the following meanings:
    (1)  "Fleet" shall mean the total number of sight-seeing bus licenses issued to open-air sight-seeing buses that are held by one person. A person shall be considered to hold all sight-seeing bus licenses in which: (i) such holder has a direct or indirect beneficial interest; or (ii) a family member of such holder has a direct or indirect beneficial interest.
    (2)  "Headphone-limited sound reproduction system" shall mean a sound reproduction system that transmits an audio signal, including but not limited to the amplified voice of any guide on an open-air sight-seeing bus, so that the audio signal is audible through personal headphones and is not otherwise audible.
    (3)  "Open-air sight-seeing bus" shall mean a sight-seeing bus, licensed to operate in New York City, that has seating that is partially or entirely unenclosed.
    b.  The commissioner shall not issue a new license to any open-air sight-seeing bus that is not equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system. For purposes of this section, a new license is any license issued to a sight-seeing bus that is not a renewal.
    c.  Open-air sight-seeing buses shall be equipped with headphone-limited sound reproduction systems according to the following schedule:
    (1)  By July 1, 2011 no less than ten percent of each fleet;
    (2)  By July 1, 2012 no less than forty percent of each fleet;
    (3)  By July 1, 2013 no less than sixty percent of each fleet;
    (4)  By July 1, 2014 no less than eighty percent of each fleet;
    (5)  By July 1, 2015, every open-air sight-seeing bus in each licensee's fleet shall be equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system.
    d.  The department shall verify by inspection that the required number of open-air sight-seeing buses has been equipped with headphone-limited sound reproduction systems, in compliance with the schedule as set forth in paragraph c of this section. The sight-seeing bus license holder of each fleet required to comply with this section shall provide annually to the department a list of buses that are equipped with the required sound equipment, in accordance with rules promulgated by the commissioner.
    e.  Any sight-seeing bus license holder shall be subject to a fine of not less than $200 nor more than $750 per day for each open-air sight-seeing bus that is required to be equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system in order for the fleet to be in compliance with the applicable percentages set forth in paragraph c of this section and that is not so equipped. Additionally, the commissioner shall suspend the licenses of as many open-air sight-seeing buses as the number of such buses that are required to be equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system as set forth in paragraph c of this section but that are not so equipped. Such suspension(s) shall continue until such time as compliance with paragraph c is complete.
    f.  Beginning on April 1, 2016 the Commissioner shall not renew the license of any open-air sight-seeing bus that is not equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system and shall revoke the license of any open-air sight-seeing bus that is not equipped with a headphone-limited sound reproduction system.
    g.  The commissioner shall promulgate such rules as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

20-377 Inspection of horse-drawn cab. A vehicle shall be licensed as  a  horse-drawn cab only after it shall have been examined and inspected.  The commissioner shall refuse  a  license  to,  or  if  already  issued,  suspend  the  license  of  any  horse-drawn  cab  found  to be unfit for  operation.

  20-377.1  Insurance. a. As a condition of the issuance of a license  to operate a horse drawn cab, each applicant shall  furnish  proof  that  such  horse drawn cab is insured under a liability insurance policy with  respect to such horse drawn cab for personal injury  or  death  and  for  injury  to  or  destruction of property of one or more persons resulting  from any one accident of not less than  the  minimum  dollar  amount  of  liability  insurance  coverage required by vehicle and traffic law to be  maintained by owners of vehicles engaged in the business of carrying  or  transporting passengers for hire.    b.  The  licensee  shall  notify the commissioner of any modification,  amendment, cancellation or substitution of any insurance policy required  under subdivision a of this section within ten days  of  notice  to  the  licensee of such modification, amendment, cancellation or substitution.

  20-378  Periodic inspection. The license department shall cause all  sight-seeing buses and horse-drawn cabs now, or hereafter  licensed,  to  be  inspected  at  least  once  every  four  months.  The  date  of such  inspection and the signature of the person making the  inspection  shall  be recorded upon the inspection card in the spaces provided therefore.

  20-379 Form of inspection card. The commissioner shall prescribe an  appropriate  form  of  inspection  card  for  sight-seeing   buses   and  horse-drawn  cabs and the manner in which such card and the sight-seeing  bus driver's and horse-drawn cab driver's identification cards shall  be  displayed.

  20–380  Rates of horse drawn cabs. The amount to be charged and collected for the use of a horse drawn cab by one or more passengers shall be the total of the following items: fifty dollars for the first twenty minutes or fraction thereof and twenty dollars for each additional ten minutes thereafter. Such rates shall be indexed for inflation based on the Consumer Price Index every three years. 

  20–381  Horse drawn cab driver's license. a. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a horse drawn cab within the city without having a valid horse drawn cab driver's license from the commissioner.
    b.  The biennial fee for each such horse drawn cab driver's license shall be thirty dollars.
    c.  The commissioner shall investigate each applicant as to character and fitness before such license shall be issued.
    d.  A horse drawn cab driver's license shall not be issued or renewed unless the applicant therefor has submitted to the commissioner a certificate issued by the commissioner of health pursuant to section 17–334.1 of the code.
    e.  It shall be unlawful for any owner of a horse drawn cab to permit such horse drawn cab to be operated by a person who does not possess a current valid driver's license issued pursuant to this section. In any prosecution of an owner for a violation of this section, it shall not be necessary to prove that the owner knew or should have known that the driver was unlicensed, and there shall be a rebuttable presumption that such cab was operated with the permission of the owner.
    f. An applicant who has not previously held a license under this section shall be issued a probationary license upon approval of his or her application. A holder of a probationary license may ride alongside a licensed driver at any time. A probationary license shall be valid from the date of issuance until six months after the date of issuance and may be revoked for any violation of the rules and regulations pertaining to rental horses and horse drawn cabs. Until he or she accrues eighty hours time spent operating a horse drawn cab, a holder of a probationary license shall only be permitted to operate a horse drawn cab at staging areas immediately adjacent to Central Park and on roadways or paths wholly within a New York City park. Following the accrual of eighty hours of time spent operating a horse drawn cab, a holder of a probationary license shall be permitted to operate a horse drawn cab to or from a stable at any time. For the purposes of this subsection a person shall be considered to be operating a horse drawn cab if he or she is holding the reins of a horse attached to a horse drawn cab and directing such horse's movements while the cab is in motion. At the conclusion of six months, if the probationary licensee has accrued no violations under subchapter 3 of title 17 or this subchapter, the licensee shall be issued a horse drawn cab driver's license under the terms of this subchapter.  

  20–381.1  Area and time restrictions on the operation of horse drawn cabs. a. 1. It shall be unlawful for a driver of a horse drawn cab to operate such cab at any time when and where such operation is prohibited.
    2. In addition to the time restrictions on the operation of horse drawn cabs as set forth in this section, no horse drawn cab may operate on any street in New York between the hours of 3:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m., seven days a week.
    b.  (1) Horse drawn cabs shall not be driven or operated in the borough of Manhattan between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. on Monday through Friday. Horse drawn cabs shall not be driven or operated in the borough of Manhattan between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. on Monday through Friday except for that area inside or immediately adjacent to Central Park.  

 

2) Between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 11:30 p.m. on Monday through Friday, between the hours of 12:30 p.m. and 11:30 p.m. on Saturday, and between the hours of 1:30 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. on Sunday, horse drawn cabs shall not be driven or operated in the borough of Manhattan in the areas bounded by and including the following streets: on the north by West Fifty-seventh Street, on the east by Seventh Avenue, on the south by West Forty-second Street and on the west by Ninth Avenue; and on the north by West Sixty-fifth Street, on the east by Columbus Avenue, on the south by West Fifty-seventh Street and on the west by Amsterdam Avenue.
    (3) On Saturday between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. throughout the year and on Sunday between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. during the period commencing with the Sunday preceding Thanksgiving until the sixth day of January immediately thereafter, horse drawn cabs shall not be driven or operated in the borough of Manhattan in the area bounded by and including the following streets: on the north by West Fifty-seventh Street, on the east by Fifth Avenue, on the south by West Forty-second Street and on the west by Avenue of the Americas.
    (4) On New Year's Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day, the restrictions set forth in paragraphs one, two and three of this subdivision shall not apply. On the aforementioned days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 11:30 p.m., horse drawn cabs shall not be driven or operated in the borough of Manhattan in the areas bounded by and including the following streets: on the north by West Fifty-seventh Street, on the east by Seventh Avenue, on the south by West Forty-second Street and on the west by Ninth Avenue; and on the north by West Sixty-fifth Street, on the east by Columbus Avenue, on the south by West Fifty-seventh Street and on the west by Amsterdam Avenue.

(5)  At no time shall any horse drawn cab be driven or operated on or in any bridge or tunnel within the city of New York.
    c.  The prohibitions contained in this section shall not be construed to apply to horse drawn cabs which are being driven, without passengers, on a direct route to or from the location at which the horse is sheltered, provided that they are so driven no more than one-half hour prior to the end of any time restriction or one-half hour after the beginning of any time restriction. The driver may be accompanied at such times only by the owner or operator of a horse drawn cab, a stable owner, the driver of a horse drawn cab and driver-trainee, or an employee of an owner or operator of a horse drawn cab or stable owner.
    d.  Where exigent circumstances exist and a police officer or other authorized officer or employee of the department, the department of transportation, or the department of parks and recreation gives notice to the driver of a horse drawn cab to refrain from operating such cab in a specific location at a specific time, such driver shall not operate such cab at such location at such time. For purposes of this subdivision, exigent circumstances shall include, but shall not be limited to, unusually heavy pedestrian or vehicular traffic, the existence of any obstructions in the public space at or near such location, an accident, fire or other emergency situation, or a parade, demonstration or other similar event or occurrence at or near such location.
    e.  This section shall be enforced by the department and the department of transportation, with the cooperation of the department of parks and recreation, the police department, the department of health and mental hygiene and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
    f.  This section shall not be construed to permit the operation, parking, stopping or standing of any horse drawn cab in any area at any time where or when such operation, parking, stopping or standing is prohibited by any other law or rule.

(6) At no time shall any horse drawn cab be driven or operated on any street below 34th Street in the borough of Manhattan.

  20–381.2  Lighting and safety equipment for horse drawn cabs. a. The commissioner shall promulgate rules requiring that sufficient lighting and reflective materials be provided on horse drawn cabs including sufficient lighting on the rear axle of all horse drawn cabs at the location where licenses are affixed. Such rules shall be enforced in the same manner as the enforcement of rules promulgated pursuant to section 20–384 of the code.
    b. Every horse drawn cab licensed pursuant to this subchapter of the code must be equipped with an emergency brake system, unaffected by rain or wet street conditions.

  20-382 Unlawful agreements by owners or horse drawn cab drivers. It  shall be unlawful for any owner or any horse drawn cab driver to have or  make any contract or agreement with any owner of  any  hotel,  apartment  house,  restaurant or cafe or with the agent or employee of such places,  by which such owner or such  horse  drawn  cab  driver  shall  agree  to  solicit  the  patronage  of  any passenger for any such hotel, apartment  house, restaurant or cafe.

  20-383 Suspensions and revocations. a. After notice and opportunity  to be heard, the commissioner may suspend or revoke any sight-seeing bus  license where the holder has failed to comply  with  any  provisions  of  this  subchapter  or  of  the  rules promulgated there under, or with any  other laws or rules governing sight-seeing buses, or which  sight-seeing  bus  is otherwise found to be unfit for operation. Such suspension shall  remain in effect until compliance and fitness have been  established  by  the  licensee  and accepted by the department. Grounds for suspension or  revocation shall include, but not be  limited  to,  installation  of  an  engine  which does not meet the requirements of subdivision b of section  20-376 of this subchapter, being found to have violated the requirements  for diesel fuel-powered sight-seeing buses contained in section 24-163.6  of the administrative code, failure to  submit  a  bus  for  inspection,  installation  of an engine not covered by a certificate of conformity in  a vehicle which was originally manufactured  with  such  an  engine  and  installation  of  an  engine  of  any  model  year preceding the year of  manufacture in a vehicle  which  was  originally  manufactured  with  an  engine covered by a certificate of conformity.

b.  Any driver of a horse drawn cab found to have committed within any  twelve-month period, in the aggregate, at least three violations of this  subchapter shall have his or her license suspended by  the  commissioner  for  a  period  of  not  less  than  three  months. For purposes of this  subdivision, all violations written on any one day  shall  constitute  a  single violation.

c.  Notwithstanding  the  provisions of subdivision b of this section,  any driver of a horse drawn cab  found  to  have  committed  within  any  twenty-four  month period, in the aggregate, at least five violations of  this  subchapter  shall  have  his  or  her  license  suspended  by  the  commissioner  for  six  months.  For  purposes  of this subdivision, all  violations written on any one day shall constitute a single violation.

d. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions  b  and  c  of  this  section,  any  driver of a horse drawn cab found guilty of one violation  of subdivision d of section 20-381.1  of  the  code  or  sections  three  hundred  fifty-one,  three hundred fifty-three, three hundred fifty-five  through three hundred sixty-two or three hundred sixty-nine of  the  New  York  state  agriculture  and  markets  law  or who is found guilty of a  violation of this subchapter while his  or  her  license  is  suspended,  shall  have  his or her license revoked. A driver whose license has been  revoked in accordance with this  provision  may  not  apply  for  a  new  license for five years from the date of revocation.

  20-384  Regulations.  The commissioner may make and promulgate such  rules and regulations and prescribe such forms as are necessary to carry  out the provisions of this subchapter.

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